Mercury is the first program of the manned space flights in USA. The
program Mercury was carried out from 1961 through 1963. Under the program
Mercury six manned space flights were conducted.
has made the first American space flight by the space ship Freedom-7.
Almost in one month after orbital flight of Gagarin, Shepard has executed suborbital
flight by duration 15 minutes.
has made the second space flight under the program Mercury.
This flight was suborbital too. This flight was executed by the space ship Liberty Bell-7.
has made the first american orbital flight (3 cirquit) on the board of Friendship-7.
Another three flights under the program Mercury were executed:
space ship Aurora-7, Walter Schirra
on the space ship Sigma-7
and Gordon Cooper
on the space ship Faith-7.
All names of the space ships under the program Mercury terminated in figure 7, which
corresponds to seven astronauts selected for performance of this program. Already
during preparation for the flight by Donald Slayton
have found out the heart disease and Slayton
was discharged of the further work on the program Mercury. Nevertheless Slayton has
overcome the illness and, eventually, also has executed the space flight, but
already under the program Apollo-Soyuz in 1975.
First seven: Carpenter, Cooper, Glenn, Grissom, Schirra, Shepard, Slayton.
Shepard, Grissom, Cooper, Schirra, Slayton, Glenn, Carpenter.
All manned flights under the Mercury program :