12 апреля Юрий Гагарин совершил первый в мире космический полет.***** Am 12. April 1961 umkreiste Juri Gagarin als erster Mensch die Erde.***** On 12 April 1961 Yury Gagarin made the first-ever space flight.*****

Starting from 31st October 2000 humans are permanently in the space:
Into space

Sergey Prokopyev, Dmitriy Petelin and Frank Rubio arrived at the ISS on September 21, 2022 on a spacecraft Soyuz MS-22. Their return was planned for March 2023, but on December 15 the cooling system of the service module of the Soyuz MS-22 was damaged, presumably during a collision with a micrometeorite or space debris.

Titov The descent of astronauts in a damaged ship was considered dangerous. Therefore, for the return of Prokopyev, Petelin and Rubio, Roscosmos specialists decided to send a spacecraft Soyuz MS-23 without a crew to the ISS. The flight of Prokopyev, Petelin and Rubio has been extended until September. Their return is scheduled for September 27th. In this case, the duration flight of Prokopyev, Petelin and Rubio will be 370 days. This duration will be the third in history. The longest flight was made by a Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov: 437 days 17 hours 58 minutes (10505 h 58 m). The second longest flight remains the flight of Sergey Avdeyev: 379 days 14 hours 51 minutes (9110 h 51 m).

Longest space flights:
Valery Polyakov (Russia): 437 d 17 h 58 m 31 s
Sergey Avdeyev (Russia): 379 d 14 h 51 m 9 s
Vladimir Titov (Russia): 365 d 22 h 39 m 0 s
Musa Manarov (Russia): 365 d 22 h 39 m 0 s
Sergey Prokopyev (Russia):
Dmitry Petelin (Russia):
Frank Rubio (USA):

Sergei Prokopyev makes his second space flight, but Dmitry Petelin and Frank Rubio make their first space flight. The longest first flight was made by the Soviet cosmonaut Mussa Manarov: 365 days 22 hours 39 minutes (8782 h 39 m). The second longest first flight was made by a Russian cosmonaut Pyotr Dubrov: 355 days 3 hours 45 minutes (8523 h 45 m). If the flight Petelin and Rubio will last 370 days, it will be the longest first flight.

At the same time, Frank Rubio's flight will be the longest flight of any American astronaut. By far the longest flight by an American astronaut Mark Vande Hei: 355 days 3 hours 45 minutes (8523 h 45 m).

Longest U.S. astronaut spaceflight:
Mark Vande Hei (USA): 355 d 3 h 45 m 20 s
Scott Kelly (USA): 340 d 8 h 42 m 30 s
Christina Koch (USA): 328 d 13 h 58 m 0 s
Frank Rubio (USA):

If everything goes according to plan, then on September 11, Frank Rubio will surpass the record time of Mark Vande Hei.

Titov Age of the astronauts. The youngest astronaut for 55 years remains the second Soviet astronaut Germann Titov , Who was the first to make a daily flight on 6 August 1961 at the age of 25 years 10 months 25 days. In the oldest age, the first flight was made by an American space tourist Larry Connor on 8 April 2022 in a spacecraft Dragon-6 at age 72 years 3 months 1 days. In the oldest age the last flight made John Glenn on 29 October 1998 on a shuttle Discovery STS-95 at age 77 years 3 months 11 days. Youngest female astronaut remains Valentina Tereshkova 16 June 1963 on a spacecraft Vostok-6 at age 26 years 3 months 10 days. In the oldest Age for femal astronauts committed Peggy Whitson on 17 November 2016 on a spacecraft Soyuz MS-03 at age 56 years 9 months 8 days.

Lists of astronauts by age:

Some astronauts have an unknown date of birth. To calculate the age, a conditional date of birth was adopted for these astronauts.

Ross How many times fly astronauts? Currently, only two astronauts have made seven space flights. Jerry Ross was the first to do this on April 8, 2002, on the shuttle Atlantis STS-110. The second is Franklin Chang-Diaz on June 5, 2002 on the shuttle Endeavour STS-111. Seven astronauts and cosmonauts made six space flights each. Five space flights were carried out 25 astronauts and cosmonauts. Among the Russian cosmonauts, six times flew into space: Sergey Krikalev and Yuri Malenchenko.

A complete list of astronauts and cosmonauts who committed

Lucid Currently, six women have flown into space five times. The first three, four and five flights were made by Shannon Lusid .

Full list of women astronauts and astronauts who committed